The French are pretty smart y’know; 2 February 1799 saw the world’s first international scientific conference held in Paris, and to date, France has the second highest number of Fields Medals (mathematics) in the world, after the United States.
The European Space Agency (ESA) is based in Paris; the street is called rue Mario Nikis. NikisÂ not only created RadioÃ©lectriques Laboratories, but was also a member of French Resistance. Sadly, he didn’t live to see a street named after him â€“ he died in 1944.
Franceâ€™s Arianespace, with more than 50% of the global market share of satellites, is the world leader in commercial space launch.
Last but not least, many things we take for granted these days were invented in France, including theseâ€¦
- 1642 – the adding machine (Blaise Pascal)
- 1782 – the hot air balloon (Joseph-Michel & andÂ Jacques-Ã‰tienne Montgolfier)
- 1793 – the four-wheeled ambulance service (Dominique Jean Larrey)
- 1807 – The internal combustion engine (NicÃ©phore & Claude NiÃ©pce)
- 1825 – photography (NicÃ©phore NiÃ©pce)
- 1853 – the airship (Henri Giffard)
- 1863 – the mechanically-powered submarine (SimÃ©on Bourgeois)
- 1877 â€“ Animation (Charles-Ã‰mile Reynaud)
- 1894 â€“ cinema (Auguste and Louis LumiÃ¨re)